Beyond Soft Power: Analysing Russian and Chinese Vaccine Diplomacy in the South Caucasus

Mariam Gamdlishvili The use of soft power – the abilities of states to influence behavior and attitudes of foreign populations through attraction, rather than through military or economic means (i.e., hard power) – by a number of international actors is not a novel phenomenon and is exercised in...
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Government Coalitions and Consensus Politics: Case of Lithuania

Lukas Pukelis, Mažvydas Jastramskis The following paper analyzes how, in the case of Lithuania, various political parties managed to reach an agreement and cooperate on issues relevant to the national interests of the country. The peaceful and civil transition of political power has contributed to ...
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More responsibility or lack of interest? German Perspective on the South Caucasus after the Second Nagorno-Karabakh War

Mikheil Sarjveladze Germany’s new federal government will not only decide the direction of German foreign policy but will also influence EU foreign policy. Alongside the transatlantic partnership, European integration and the European Union form the framework and direction of German foreign po...
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Revamping the Nakhijevan-Yerevan-Baku Railway: Significance, Opportunities and Obstacles

Albert Hayrapetyan Since the fall of the Soviet Union relations between Armenia and Azerbaijan have remained hostile, heightening tensions in the South Caucasus region. The loss of transport infrastructure which connected both states during the Soviet times entails a welfare loss for the whole regio...
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From Delegating the Coercion to Non-State Actors to the Idea of “Sovereign Democracy”

Teona Zurabashvili  The legal condition of the peaceful assembly of citizens has been paradoxical in Georgia since 2013. Specifically, the right of peaceful assembly of the various political or social groups is not enforced by the state itself through the usage of legitimate power (Ombudsman.ge 202...
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Geopolitical Reshuffling in the South Caucasus in the Aftermath of the 2020 Nagorno-Karabakh War and the EU’s Policy Options

Hasmik Khachatryan The EU has strived to strengthen the sovereignty and independence of the South Caucasus states, to bring the neighbours closer to the EU. To this end, the EU has undertaken a series of effective measures since the 1990s, the collapse of the Soviet Union, and the emergence of a new...
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Georgia’s Security Options, as a Small State Navigating the Pressures of an Evolving International System – Expert Interview with Professor Roy Allison

Interview by Marguerite Chapman, GIP Intern “Georgia has to engage in a long-term and society-wide effort. Programmes to try and manage the challenges of living beside Russia must be deeply embedded in the state, rather than dependent on the short-term interests of governments, which may undermine...
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Political Polarization – a Vicious Circle or a Missed Opportunity for Small Political Parties?

Teona Zurabashvili  It can be assumed that in the local elections of October 2 2021, political polarization was not the main factor that led to consolidation of opposition votes around the UNM, but the political decision of the small parties per se to remain in a domain that was most affected by th...
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